ANSI B56.1 Elevating Personnel

By Ken Welch on 2007-07-24 13:41:34 -
4.17        Elevating Personnel

4.17.1 Only operator-up high lift trucks have been designed to lift personnel. If a work platform is used on trucks designed and intended for handling materials, the requirements of paras. 4.17.2 and 4.17.3 shall be met for the protection of personnel.

 4.17.2 Whenever a truck is used to elevate personnel, the following precautions for the protection of personnel shall be taken:

(a) Comply with the design requirements in para. 7.36 of this Standard.

(b) Provide protection for personnel in their normal working position on the platform from moving parts of the truck that represent a hazard.

(c) Be certain that required restraining means such as railings, chains, cable, body belt(s) with lanyard(s), or deceleration devices, etc., are in place and properly used.

(d) Be certain that the lifting mechanism is operating smoothly throughout its entire lift height, both empty and loaded, and that all lift limiting devices and latches, if provided, are functional.

(e) Provide overhead protection as indicated to be necessary by the operating conditions.

(/) Replace any body belt, lanyard, or deceleration device that has sustained permanent deformation or is otherwise damaged.

 4.17.3 Whenever a truck is equipped with a work platform (does not include operator-up high lift trucks), precautions specified in para. 4.17.2 shall be taken and the following additional precautions shall be taken for the protection of personnel:(a) Provide a platform that complies with the design requirements in para. 7.37.3.(b) The platform attachment means are applied and the platform is securely attached to the lifting carriage or forks.

(c) When the lifting carriage and/or forks are sup­porting the platform used to elevate personnel, the lift­ing carriage and/or forks are secured to prevent them from pivoting upward.

(d) The mast is vertical — do not operate on a side slope.

(e) The platform is horizontal and centered and not tilted forward or rearward when elevated.

(f) The truck has a firm and level footing.

(g) Place all travel controls in neutral and set parking brake.(h) Before elevating personnel, mark area with cones or other devices to warn of work by elevated personnel.(i) Lift and lower personnel smoothly, with caution, and only at their request.(j) Avoid overhead obstructions and electric wires.(k) Keep hands and feet clear of controls other than those in use.(l) Move truck and /or platform slowly, only for minor adjustments in horizontal positioning when personnel are on the platform, and only at their request.(m) On trucks equipped with rotators, mechanically secure the rotator to prevent movement.

(n) Have a trained operator in position to control the truck, or available to operate controls. When the operator is not in the operating position, engage the parking brake and block the wheels.

(o) The combined weight of the platform, load, and personnel is not to exceed one-half of the capacity as indicated on the nameplate of the truck on which the platform is used.

(p) Personnel are to remain on the platform floor. Use of railings, planks, ladders, etc., on the platform for purpose of achieving additional reach or height is pro­hibited.

(q) Personnel and equipment on the platform are not to exceed the available space.

(r) Lower platform to floor level for personnel to enter and exit. Do not climb on any part of the truck in attempting to enter and exit.

 

Courtesy of ITSDF